Ryan C. Crocker, the diplomat who became the civilian face of America's wars in Iraq and Afghanistan over two administrations, is stepping down as ambassador to Afghanistan and retiring from the U.S. Foreign Service after a storied tenure in some of the world's most dangerous hot spots.
State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said Tuesday that the 62-year-old envoy would leave his post in Kabul this summer because of health reasons that she declined to detail.
His departure comes a year earlier than planned after Crocker came out of retirement in 2011 to take the helm of the U.S. Embassy in Kabul at President Obama's personal request.
His resignation was announced as the United States and its NATO allies forged ahead with plans to close the largely stalemated conflict by the end of 2014 but keep their troops fighting there in the meantime.
With that timetable on track, Crocker's departure from Kabul will not likely herald any new U.S. approach to the conflict. However, the loss of his presence as a troubleshooter since the 1980s will be felt as the Obama administration struggles to prevent Afghanistan from descending again into the caldron of extremism that gave sanctuary to Osama bin Laden and leaders of his al-Qaida terrorist network.
In Afghanistan for his second tour as America's top U.S. envoy in Kabul -- he reopened the U.S. embassy there in 2002 after the ouster of the Taliban regime -- Crocker was called on to lead a ramping-up in civilian operations similar to one he supervised in Iraq.
In nominating Crocker for the Kabul post, Obama hailed him as "one of our nation's most respected diplomats," who "is no stranger to tough assignments."
Crocker was a six-time ambassador, running embassies not only in Iraq and Afghanistan but also in Pakistan, Kuwait, Lebanon and Syria. An Arabic speaker, he held diplomatic posts in Qatar, Iran, Egypt and Lebanon earlier in his career.
As a young officer, he was in Beirut when the U.S. Embassy there was blown up in 1983. His residence in Syria was ransacked by a mob when he was ambassador there in 1998.
Such experiences contributed to Crocker's calm under fire. When a Pakistan-based group allied with the Taliban staged a spectacular attack on the U.S. Embassy in Kabul last September -- taking over a nearby building and firing rockets and bullets at the compound during a 20-hour siege -- Crocker was unfazed.
"This really is not a very big deal," he told reporters at the time. "If that's the best they can do, you know, I think it's actually a statement of their weakness."
It is not immediately clear who will succeed him, although officials said the most likely candidate is James B. Cunningham, a former ambassador to Israel and deputy U.N. envoy who is now one of the ex-ambassadors serving under Crocker in Kabul.
Crocker will leave after international donor conferences for Afghanistan are held in Tokyo and Kabul, Nuland said.