Hundreds of thousands of Somali children could die in East Africa's famine unless more help arrives, a top U.S. official warned Monday in the starkest death toll prediction yet.
To highlight the crisis, the wife of Vice President Biden visited a refugee camp filled with hungry Somalis.
Jill Biden is the highest-profile U.S. visitor to East Africa since the number of refugees coming across the Somali border dramatically increased in July. Biden, who traveled to the camp in a C-130 military transport plane, said she wants to raise awareness and persuade donors to give more.
"One of the reasons to be here is just to ask Americans and people worldwide, the global community, the human family, if they could just reach a little deeper into their pockets and give money to help these poor people, these poor mothers and children," said Biden, who met with two Somali mothers and their eight children during a tour of the refugee camp.
"There is hope if people start to pay attention to this," said Biden, who also met with Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki and Prime Minister Raila Odinga.
A drought has turned into famine because little aid can reach militant-controlled south-central Somalia, forcing tens of thousands of Somalis who have exhausted all the region's food to walk to camps in Kenya, Ethiopia and the Somali capital of Mogadishu.
President Obama approved $105 million on Monday for humanitarian efforts in the Horn of Africa to combat worsening drought and famine.
White House press secretary Jay Carney said the money will help provide food, shelter, water, and sanitation and health services to those in need.
USAID administrator Raj Shah, who accompanied Biden, said hundreds of thousands of children could die from the famine. Shah said the world has a unique opportunity to save tens of thousands of children's lives by expanding humanitarian activities in Somalia, though he noted that it would be a challenge for aid providers to get into south-central Somalia, which is controlled by al-Shahab Islamic militants.
More than 29,000 children under the age of 5 have died in the last 90 days in southern Somalia alone, according to U.S. estimates. The U.N. says 640,000 Somali children are acutely malnourished, suggesting the death toll of small children will rise.
The famine, Shah said, is the result of a drought being superimposed on an environment where the government could not protect its own people.
More than 12 million people in the Horn of Africa are in need of immediate food aid, including nearly half of Somalia's population.