MetLife Inc., the biggest U.S. life insurer, is poised to become the No. 1 reverse-mortgage lender as Wells Fargo and Bank of America leave the market.
Wells Fargo, the largest U.S. home lender, is retreating from reverse mortgages in part because of "unpredictable home values," the company said June 16. The reverse mortgage was the most prominently featured product last week on the website of MetLife Bank, a unit that the company said may hedge the parent against declines in the main insurance business.
"They must know something that I don't know," said David Lykken, president of Mortgage Banking Solutions, an Austin, Texas-based consulting firm. "They're too smart to be heading into an area that's disastrous."
Demand for reverse mortgages contracted from record sales in 2009 after the housing slide eroded the home equity that seniors draw on to qualify for loans. MetLife climbed to second place in May from fifth two years earlier, according to the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
"MetLife had been zooming toward No. 1" even before Wells Fargo announced its departure, said Marty Bell, the National Reverse Mortgage Lenders Association's director of marketing and communications. "They've been in it a lot shorter time than everybody else, and they've been really building it."
MetLife entered the business in 2008 with a purchase from EverBank Financial Corp. Later that year, the insurer bought a mortgage business from First Horizon National Corp. The employee count at MetLife Bank, the insurer's lending unit, surged to 4,985 at the end of March from 3,768 a year earlier, according to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. The worker count was 85 at the end of 2007.
Reverse-mortgage lenders issue loans to homeowners and accept real estate equity as collateral. The contracts allow borrowers, age 62 or older, to remain in their homes and receive either a lump-sum payment or a stream of income. The lenders -- or the mortgage investors that purchase the loans -- count on making a profit when the property is sold after a borrower's death or relocation. Borrowers or their heirs may keep proceeds that exceed the amount owed the lenders.
"It's a retirement-planning vehicle, so it's something more natural that a life insurer like MetLife would offer," Randy Binner, an analyst with FBR Capital Markets, said in an interview. "It's a small but growing part of their business."
The expansion of MetLife Bank gives its parent a "natural hedge" against a contraction in insurance returns when interest rates decline, William Wheeler, the insurer's chief financial officer, said in December. That's because more borrowers refinance mortgages when rates are low, he said.
Ted Mitchell, a spokesman for MetLife, declined to comment. Prudential Financial Inc., the second-biggest U.S. life insurer, doesn't issue reverse or traditional residential mortgages, said Bob DeFillippo, a spokesman.
MetLife had 932 reverse mortgages endorsed by the Federal Housing Administration in May, compared with 1,092 at San Francisco-based Wells Fargo and 332 at Bank of America, according to government data. MetLife ranked fifth in May 2009 with 199. That compared with more than 1,400 at Wells Fargo and 726 at No. 2 Bank of America and its Countrywide unit.
MetLife Bank, which sells the mortgages it issues, had $15.6 billion of assets as of March 31, according to the FDIC. Wells Fargo's main unit had $1.1 trillion of assets, while Charlotte, N.C.-based Bank of America's biggest FDIC-regulated subsidiary had $1.5 trillion.
Bank of America announced its exit from reverse mortgages in February, saying the staff and resources used by the operation were needed in other parts of the company. Bank of America posted a $2.2 billion loss last year as it negotiated settlements with counterparties who accused the bank of selling loans based on fraudulent data.
The reverse-mortgage market is supported by the Government National Mortgage Association, a U.S.-owned insurer of mortgage-backed securities commonly known as Ginnie Mae. The agency guarantees the loans that are issued by lenders like MetLife and subsequently sold to investors. MetLife charges investors to then monitor the home collateral and ensure that terms of the contracts are met.