Taking center stage at this year's video games convention in Los Angeles were big-budget, epic games that feature sweeping cinematic sequences, colossal battles and intricate story lines. Gone are the cute pet simulations and the music games that flooded store shelves just two years ago.
The shift away from simpler games toward action and military ones reflects a change in strategy by the largest video game companies.
Most sought to expand their businesses over the last few years by going after so-called casual gamers such as women and older adults, but those players were the first to cut back spending as the economy declined. They also switched to less expensive or free games on Facebook and smart phones.
As a result, sales of Nintendo Co.'s casual-focused Wii console and music games such as Guitar Hero plummeted last year, driving an overall 5 percent decline in consumer video game spending.
However, "core" young male gamers continued buying action titles like "Call of Duty: Black Ops," which sold more than 20 million copies. Game publishers are hoping they will spend even more this year. Among the hot titles aimed at this audience are Electronic Arts' "Mass Effect 3," THQ Inc.'s "Saints Row: The Third" and Activision Blizzard's "Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3."
"This year, the theme is a return to the core consumers as a key part of the business," said Geoff Keighley, host and executive producer of Spike TV's "GameTrailers TV." "These guys will be with you in good times and in bad, and they spend a lot of money playing games month in and month out."
Microsoft Corp. aggressively targeted this audience at the convention. In addition to showing off coming action titles including "Gears of War 3" and "Halo 4," Microsoft demonstrated a number of new high-octane games that use Kinect, a voice-and-motion-sensing accessory for the Xbox 360 that launched last year.
Most early titles for the device were aimed at a casual audience, such as one focused on hip-hop dancing and another with furry animals. Many Kinect games demonstrated at the show featured guns, knives and light sabers.
"We skimped a little on the core [audience] with Kinect last year," Michael Delman, Xbox president of global marketing, said in an interview. "We expect to see their usage go way up."
Nintendo also showed off its successor to the Wii. Getting devoted gamers who love Nintendo's iconic brands like "Super Mario" and "Legend of Zelda" but were turned off by the Wii's lack of high-definition graphics and sophisticated online capabilities is crucial for the company, said Michael Pachter, a Wedbush Securities analyst in Los Angeles.
"That audience is shifting to smart phones, tablets and social games," he said. "Nintendo did a great job getting that crowd to play console games. They weren't able to do as good of a job in keeping them there."
Nintendo also recently had what the company conceded was a disappointing launch for its 3DS portable console. Sony Corp. was poised to take advantage of that at a news conference at the convention, when it showed off a new portable gaming device.
Dubbed NGP, for "next-generation portable," it is loaded with features designed to appeal to gamers obsessed with the latest technology, including two touch screens, two cameras and the ability to wirelessly connect to the Web.
Sony's biggest game for the coming year and the center of its news conference was expected to be "Uncharted 3: Drake's Deception," a big budget follow-up to a 2009 hit made by Naughty Dog Studios.
Hard-core gamers who have felt that they were shoved aside in the past are likely to welcome the renewed focus on their needs this year.
But a narrower market will make it very difficult for the video game industry to return to the high-flying days of 2006 to 2009, when game sales rose more than 30 percent each year for some companies.
"It's going to grow a couple of percentage points a year from here on," Pachter said. "It's not the gigantic growth that we've seen in the past. It'll be a very slow-growth industry, but it's not going to be fatal."