Republicans awaiting the State of the Union address urged President Obama to give up on new spending programs and join them instead in a drive to wrestle the federal budget deficit under control.
"Our nation is approaching a tipping point. We are at a moment where, if government's growth is left unchecked and unchallenged, America's best century will be considered our past century," said House Budget Committee Chairman Paul D. Ryan Jr., R-Wis., who was chosen to give the official GOP response to the State of the Union on Tuesday night.
In excerpts released before Obama spoke, Ryan vowed that Republicans will insist on spending cuts before contemplating any increase in the government's ability to borrow.
"We believe the days of business as usual must come to an end. We hold to a couple of simple convictions: Endless borrowing is not a strategy; spending cuts have to come first," Ryan said.
Ryan will be the point man in the new House GOP majority's drive to rein in spending and bring the budget closer to balance.
Tuesday's national exposure by Ryan is the highest-profile assignment yet for a wonky former congressional staff aide who has evolved into one of his party's brightest stars.
Ryan is best known for a controversial budget plan brimming with politically unpopular ideas such as gradually turning Medicare into a voucher program, curbing Social Security benefits and allowing younger workers to divert Social Security taxes into private accounts.
He insists that such tough steps are needed, given intractable budget deficits that threaten America's prosperity.
Ryan's plan, the "Roadmap for America," is so politically toxic that GOP campaign operatives urged candidates to shy away from it. Democrats went on the attack as soon as Ryan was named to deliver Tuesday's GOP response.
"Paul Ryan owes it to the national audience to explain why he wants to privatize Social Security and Medicare," said Sen. Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y. "He can't sweep his 'Roadmap' under the rug just because the spotlight will be shining brighter than usual."
In his Tuesday remarks, Ryan said, "We need to reclaim our American system of limited government, low taxes, reasonable regulations and sound money, which has blessed us with unprecedented prosperity. And it has done more to help the poor than any other economic system ever designed."
Tea party favorite Michele M. Bachmann, R-Minn., in an unusual move, was set to follow Ryan's response with a nationally televised speech of her own. It was originally aimed just at tea party activists but is also being broadcast live by CNN.
"Last November, many of you went to the polls and voted out big-spending politicians and you put in their place men and women who have come to Washington with a commitment to follow the Constitution and cut the size of government," Bachmann said in excerpts released Tuesday evening. "We are in the early days of a history-making turn here in the House."
Obama's call for a freeze on the annual operating budgets of most domestic agencies doesn't go far enough for Republicans. They are also deeply skeptical of his plan for investments in education, infrastructure, and research and development.
"At a time when the treasury secretary is begging Congress to raise the debt limit, a 'freeze' is simply inadequate," said House Speaker John A. Boehner, R-Ohio.