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WikiLeaks affair stirs up a hornet's nest ; At stake are issues of free speech, censorship, privacy, piracy, sovereignty and corporate power.

The most important legacy of the WikiLeaks affair will almost surely be the rapidly escalating cyberwar that the group's renegade disclosures have sparked. If you think you're unaffected by unseen "battles" fought with keystrokes instead of bullets, you're wrong.

At stake are issues of free speech, censorship, privacy, piracy, sovereignty and corporate power. We may know what we think about these concepts, but applying real-world logic to the Internet leads to unacceptable conclusions -- such as sympathy for the goons in Iran or China who suppress anti-government political speech. This is, of course, out of the question. Which means sympathy for WikiLeaks nihilists who don't deserve it.

Let me start at the beginning, with the decision by WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange to begin posting confidential State Department diplomatic cables. U.S. officials protested that the release was damaging to national security but acknowledged there was little they could do about it.

Within days, however, WikiLeaks was without a cyberhome. Amazon Web Services, a subsidiary of, abruptly ceased hosting the WikiLeaks website -- not because of the government's mounting anger, Amazon said, but because WikiLeaks had violated the company's "terms of service" agreement. It had violated Amazon's requirements that the user "own or otherwise control all of the rights to the content" posted and that the content "will not cause injury to any person or entity."

WikiLeaks quickly found a new host server in Switzerland. Meanwhile, angry supporters of Assange -- operating under the unoriginal collective name Anonymous -- launched a cyberattack against Amazon, at one point bringing the company's European sales to a halt.

Visa, MasterCard and PayPal also quit doing business with WikiLeaks, citing possible violations of their service agreements. The cyberguerrillas of Anonymous began assailing those companies, too, in what the hackers called Operation Payback. Their weapon of choice has been a "distributed denial of service" attack.

On Dec. 8, police in Rotterdam arrested a 16-year-old boy in connection with the Anonymous attacks. The Anonymous group promptly trained its fire on the Internet operations of the Dutch government.

By then, however, an anti-WikiLeaks group of hackers had launched Operation Fightback -- an attack against the Anonymous group. At least one of the Anonymous servers was knocked offline.

For a time, the wildly popular social networking sites Facebook and Twitter took down the pages that Anonymous members had been using to coordinate their electronic warfare. This brings me to those unsettling questions about censorship and free speech.

When Iranian protesters were challenging the thuggish regime of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and the mullahs last year, censors shut down television coverage. But the world learned what was happening via Facebook and Twitter. Those Internet sites are important conduits for pro-democracy advocates in places such as China and Cuba.

So who gives executives of private companies the right to decide that some unapproved speech will be encouraged and some will be suppressed? Do we want the people who run Amazon, PayPal, Facebook, Twitter or perhaps even -- shudder -- Microsoft, Apple or Google making political decisions on our behalf?

For my part, I don't think I do. It seems to me that especially as Internet firms reach near-monopoly status, we should be increasingly uncomfortable with them making political decisions of any kind -- even those with which we might agree.

I don't particularly enjoy defending Assange, WikiLeaks or a bunch of irresponsible hackers. But I don't want the companies that regulate interaction and commerce on the Internet deciding whose views are acceptable and whose are not. The "terms of service" agreement that should take precedence is the First Amendment.

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