Women who want to prevent weight gain as they get older need to ride a bicycle or walk briskly every day rather than just strolling, a study from Harvard University found.
Women who were ages 25 to 42 at the start of the research gained less weight if they spent an additional 30 minutes a day riding bikes or walking at speeds of 3 miles an hour or faster by the end of the study.
Those who increased only slow walking didn't reduce their weight gain over the 16-year study, according to the report published this week in the Archives of Internal Medicine.
In the United States, about 66 percent of adults are overweight or obese, while 16 percent of children are overweight, according to the researchers. The findings help clarify how much exercise is needed to slow weight gain as people age and the results also apply to men, said co-author Rania Mekary of the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston.
The researchers in the study looked at 18,414 premenopausal women who didn't have chronic diseases and were part of the Brigham and Women's Hospital Nurses' Health Study II starting in 1989.
Participants were questioned about their medical history, lifestyle and health-related behaviors every two years.
Women in the study gained about 3.5 pounds less if they increased their time riding a bike by 30 minutes a day compared with those who didn't increase their riding time over the study, the researchers found. The participants weren't asked about biking intensity so it's unclear at what speed they were riding, she said.
Those who increased the amount of time they walked briskly at 3 miles an hour or faster by a half hour daily gained about 4 pounds less, the study showed.
Based on these findings, doctors should make a point of telling women to bike or walk briskly rather than to just walk or exercise, Mekary said.
"We need to give practical solutions to women because they have very restrained time to exercise," Mekary said. "Bicycling is one kind of activity they can include even if they don't have time to exercise. If you can bicycle to work, you should ride the bicycle rather than drive."
Another Harvard study in March found that women need an hour of exercise each day, double that recommended by some federal guidelines, to minimize weight gain as they get older.
The Department of Health and Human Services recommends adults exercise at least 30 minutes a day five times a week, or 2.5 hours weekly, to prevent chronic ailments such as heart disease, diabetes and some cancers.
For greater health benefits, the government says adults should be active at least 300 minutes or five hours each week.