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The changing face of China

I saw her stride purposefully down a pedestrian mall in Chengdu in red tunic and black leggings. And I felt she symbolized one of the most fascinating aspects of today's China -- its increasingly sophisticated and urban younger generation.

I never got her name, but she and others like her will shape her country's future. What they want for themselves and for their country will help determine Beijing's relationship with the West.

My talks with students and young people on a recent trip to China gave me brief but fascinating glimpses into this generation's thinking, leaving me hopeful but sobered by China's relentless pace of change.

In 1990 only 26 percent of Chinese lived in and around cities, a figure that has risen to 43 percent in 2010 and is projected to rise to 70 percent by 2030. Those statistics mean that 400 million Chinese will have moved from country to city from 2000-2030 in search of a better life.

In 1986, when I first visited Chengdu, capital of the western province of Sichuan, it was a low-rise market town serving a hinterland newly freed from the communal farm system. Today, Chengdu is a high-rise metropolis, filled with new apartment complexes and top-end stores -- and a young middle class.

In leafy downtown Baihuaton Park along the Jinjiang River, young couples haul brightly dressed offspring to compete in a poetry recital. They take their children, wearing panda ears and panda T-shirts, on weekend excursions to the Chengdu Panda Breeding and Research Center. And new Chinese yuppies ("Chuppies"?) buy organic produce from private farmers who once labored in communes.

To probe the thinking of the next generation of Chuppies, I met with a dozen students on the leafy campus of elite Tsinghua University in Beijing. These scholars are selected by merit exam; many come from poor rural backgrounds or middle-class families that once lived in one-room government housing but now own comfortable apartments.

I was struck by their openness, their knowledge of the world and their sky-high aspirations. One young woman wants a doctorate in marine biology to work on global-warming issues; others will do graduate work abroad in economics or engineering, but return to China for their careers. Another wants to set up a "liberal school that protects children's nature" like London's Summerhill. Where did she learned about Summerhill? "On the Internet."

Other students I met also say they get their information from the Internet -- although "many Western sites are banned" by government censors. They concur that anyone who really wants access to Western sites can obtain software to circumvent the censors.

Even those I met who do jump the wall said they were mostly satisfied with their top leaders, and optimistic about their future -- with some caveats.

One student, who "logs on to Twitter every day" said: "There are two Chinas, one side optimistic and one not." On the Internet, he said, "many young people complain about corruption and about growing social unfairness." Others worried about high housing costs and finding jobs.

Most students concurred that China's highest priority must be the maintenance of stability, so growth will remain high and the rich-poor gap narrow. That is exactly the Chinese government's position.

China's younger generation, from my tiny sample, seems ready to accept -- perhaps with caveats -- that careful message from Beijing. Not a generation looking for revolution, but one looking to advance and learn more about the world.

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