Laws regulating the disposal and recycling of solid wastes and disposal fees will take effect Jan. 1 in Cattaraugus County.
Legislators adopted the laws Wednesday after hearing opposition from mayors and private waste haulers at a public hearing.
Legislators agreed to allow critics of the laws time to suggest changes by extending the effective date from Sept. 1 to Jan. 1.
Each town, village and city will be advised of a six-month review process and invited to send a representative to discuss their concerns with the Legislature's Public Works Committee.
A companion resolution was adopted requiring a legislative review of the laws by Jan. 1, 1992, to look at how they are working out.
Under the new laws, a voluntary recycling program now in effect will be mandatory Jan. 1. People who take their own solid waste to transfer stations as well as collectors -- private and municipal -- also will have to separate recyclable items.
All yard wastes, grass and clippings must be disposed of at a compost site at the former Five Points Landfill in Mansfield.
The public works commissioner will determine the collection of household and farm hazardous wastes, one of the details of the law expected to be fine-tuned.
Transfer stations and collectors will receive recylable items -- newspapers, glass, metals, plastics and batteries. A tire collection is held separately on a monthly basis.
The new laws will require haulers to pay $100 annual fees and $25 per truck.
People who violate the law can be fined $100 the first time and up to $500 for additional violations.
Disposal fees include: $1 per 30-gallon garbage bag, 50 cents for a 15-gallon bag; $2 per other item, such as furniture; $6 per uncompacted cubic yard of solid waste, such as a pickup truck full, and $20 per compacted cubic yard for collectors.
The county can expect to collect up to $2 million a year if 13 tons of recyclable items are removed from the waste stream. That could also affect tipping fees the county now pays for waste disposal and provide more space to burn solid waste at the waste-to-energy incinerator at Cuba.
The solid waste law was adopted, 21-2, with Democrats Nicholas Augostini of Allegany and Daniel McCarthy of Olean, opposed. The law setting disposal fees was approved, 18-5. Voting no were: James Andre, D-Allegany; Peter Martin, R- Perrysburg; Kenneth McClune, D-Salamanca, Augostini and McCarthy.
At the public hearing, Gowanda Mayor Leo J. Polasik said the fees will increase the costs of solid waste disposal in his village by $20 on the annual tax rate.
Franklinville Mayor Raymond Doty said it was "absurd" to try to implement the law in the middle of the village's fiscal year.
For the Village of Cattaraugus, Mayor John A. Philip predicted taxes will have to be increased 24 percent to cover garbage collection costs. He urged legislators to "vote against this until you correct it."
Charging haulers by the compacted yard, predicted Steve Smith of Maple City Disposal in Delevan, will cause some firms to park trucks until they are full. "We don't want to create a stink," said Smith.
Another hauler, Jeff Biscup of BFI in Salamanca, urged the county to establish recycling centers before the law takes effect.
While lobbying for passage, Gerald Fitzpatrick, R- Ellicottville, conceded, "It's a good law, but not the most perfect law. We'll probably be back correcting it. We are under the gun with New York State to cut our waste stream by 1992. We can't talk about it any more."