Tribal leaders at the St. Regis Indian Reservation, which has been viciously split over gambling, could create their own police force, under a bill submitted Wednesday by Gov. Cuomo.
Cuomo's proposal also would allow tribal leaders to create a criminal court to hear misdemeanor and non-felony cases on the reservation.
Both the police force and the court would enforce state law, not tribal law, Cuomo said.
The Canadian side of the reservation, which straddles the U.S.-Canada border, already has an Indian police force.
State Police have enforcement power on the New York side.
Troopers have patrolled the reservation since violence broke out between pro-gambling and anti-gambling factions earlier this year.
Two Mohawks were killed May 1 in gunfire between the factions.