The unending turmoil in Greece spread fallout across the financial markets Wednesday. The Dow Jones industrial average fell for the ninth day out of 10, and gold, oil and the euro all dropped to multi-month lows.
Greece called a new round of elections for June 17 after coalition talks to form a government fell apart. The president said depositors were pulling hundreds of millions of euros out of banks, weakening the country's strained financial system.
The main cause for investor worry was that Greece would pull out of the group of countries that use the euro and that that would throw the global markets into chaos.
For U.S. stocks, it was a fairly quiet day but another decline in a month that has been relentlessly downbeat. The Dow fell 33.45 points to 12,598.55, and the Standard & Poor's 500 index fell 5.86 points to 1,324.80.
The Dow has been on a nearly unbroken slide since May 1, when it closed at a four-year high. Since then, it has had just one up day, and that was a gain of only 20 points May 10.
The average has lost 4.4 percent in May and is headed for its first losing month since September.
"We're in a period where there's little conviction to buy," said Richard Cripps, chief investment officer at brokerage Stifel Financial. "The road ahead is too uncertain because of European concerns and the presidential election later this year."
Elsewhere in the markets, it was an eventful day:
*The dollar continued its two-week climb against the euro. The dollar improved to $1.27 per euro, the strongest since January, as traders worried about a messy exit from the euro bloc by Greece.
The stronger dollar drove the Indian currency, the rupee, to an all-time low. The rupee sank to 54.44 against the dollar, surpassing the prior low of 54.39 on Dec. 15.
*The price of gold fell $18.60 to $1,538, the lowest since December. Gold is approaching a 20 percent decline, the traditional definition of a bear market, from its peak of $1,907 in September.
Besides the stronger dollar, exaggerated optimism about gold's prospects was an important factor in the sharp decline, said Jon Nadler, senior analyst at Montreal-based Kitco Metals.
"Effectively, reality has caught up with the market," he said.
*As investors fled to safer U.S. government bonds, the yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note hit its lowest level this year, 1.76 percent.
The Nasdaq composite index fell 19.70 points to 2,874.04.
Worries about Europe also spread beyond Greece. Spain's prime minister warned that the country, which is trembling under a 24.4 percent unemployment rate, could be locked out of international markets due to problems in the European Union.