China's capital, which launched a fly-swatting drive in an unsuccessful bid to be host for the 2000 Olympics, has turned its wrath on rodents, declaring Nov. 12 as "rat-killing day."
Warehouses, marketplaces and construction sites will be the key targets.
Beijing tried to wipe out flies in 1993 in a cleanup in advance of an International Olympic Committee decision on where the 2000 Olympics would be held.
Earlier this year, residents of the northeastern city of Shenyang eliminated 400,000 rats in a campaign.
Shenyang officials offered a bounty of 12 cents for each dead rat turned over to local health authorities.
Xinhua did not say whether Beijing would pay its residents to help rid the city of the pests.
Under the Chinese lunar calendar, this is the Year of the Rat.